Presentation of copy

Key Words is an internationally refereed academic journal. In the first instance typescripts for prospective publication should be submitted as an email attachment to the Contributions Editor Catherine Clay, Nottingham Trent University, at Articles should normally be no longer than 8,000 words; reviews should typically be no longer than 1,000 words. Articles should be double spaced, with generous margins, and pages should be numbered consecutively. For matters of style not addressed below, please refer to The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edn or Contributors who fail to observe these notes may be asked to revise their submission in accordance with them.

Provision of text in electronic format

Key Words is prepared electronically. Consequently, contributors whose work is accepted for publication will be asked to supply a file copy of their work to the Contributions Editor. The preferred word processing format is Microsoft Word (any version).

References and bibliographic conventions

Notes should be kept to a minimum, with all discursive material appearing in the text. Citations in Key Words appear as endnotes at the conclusion of each contribution. Essays presented for prospective publication should adopt this style. Endnote markers should be given in Arabic numerals and positioned after, not before, punctuation marks, e.g. ‘.1’ rather than ‘1.’.

With no bibliography, full details must be given in a note at the first mention of any work cited. Subsequent citations should be given in the text. If following straight on a reference to the same work, only the page number should be given within brackets. If cited again later in the article, the author’s name should be given with the page number; and if several works by the same author are quoted within the essay, also a short form of the title or a cross-reference needs to be added.

Headline-style capitalisation is used. In headline style, the first and last words of title and subtitle and all other major words are capitalised. Titles of books and journals should be formatted in italics (not underlined).

Please cite books in the following manner:

On first citation: Raymond Williams and Michael Orrom, Preface to Film (London: Film Drama, 1954).

On subsequent citations: Williams and Orrom, Preface to Film, 12.

Please cite journal articles in the following manner:

Patrick Parrinder, ‘Politics, Letters and the National Curriculum’, Changing English 2, no. 1 (1994): 29.

Chapters in books should be referenced in the following way:

Andrew McRae, ‘The Peripatetic Muse: Internal Travel and the Cultural Production of Space in Pre-Revolutionary England’, in The Country and the City Revisited: England and the Politics of Culture, 1550–1850, ed. Gerald MacLean, Donna Landry and Joseph P. Ward (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 41–57.

For internet articles:

Raymond Williams Society Executive, ‘About the Raymond Williams Society’, Raymond Williams Society, (accessed 26 March 2012).

Please refer to newspaper articles in the following way:

John Mullan, ‘Rebel in a Tweed Suit’, The Observer, 28 May 2005, Features and Reviews section, 37.

A thesis should be referenced in the following manner:

E. Allen, ‘The Dislocated Mind: The Fictions of Raymond Williams’ (PhD diss., Liverpool John Moores University, 2007), 22–9.

Conference papers should be cited in the following style:

Dai Smith, ‘Translating Raymond Williams’ (paper presented at the Raymond Williams’s Culture and Society@50 conference, Canolfan Dylan Thomas Centre, Swansea, 7 November 2008).


For quotations use single quotation marks, and double quotation marks for quotations within quotations. Punctuation is used outside quotations. Ensure that all spellings, punctuation, abbreviations etc. within a quotation are rendered exactly as in the original, including errors, which should be signalled by the authorial interpolation ‘(sic)’.

Book reviews

Book reviews should open with full bibliographic details of the text under review. These details should include (in the following order): in bold type, first name(s) and surname(s) of author(s), or first name(s) and surname(s) of editor(s) followed by a parenthetic ‘(ed.)’ or ‘(eds)’; in italics, the full title of the volume followed by a period and a hard return; then, in regular type, the place of publication, publisher and date of publication; the page extent of the volume, including front papers numbered in Roman numerals; the price (where available) of the supplied copy and an indication of ‘pb.’ or ‘hb.’; and the ISBN of the supplied copy.

For example:

Dai Smith, Raymond Williams: A Warrior’s Tale. Cardigan: Parthian Books, 2008. xviii + 514 pp. £24.99 hb. ISBN 978-1-905762-56-9.